Clinical cases

Leydig cell tumor US finding in older male

References

  1. Rodrigo Guanter V, Serrano Durba A, Beltran Armada JR, Bon Ben F, Pastor Lence JC, San Juan de  Laorden C. Leydig celle tumor: report of 2 cases. Actas Urol Esp 23 (3): 270-2, Mar 1999.
  2. Marshall FF, Kerr WS Jr, Kliman B, Scully RE. Sex cord-stromal (gonadal stromal) tumors of the testis: a  report of 5 cases. J Urol 117 (2): 180-4, Feb 1977.
  3. Dogra VS, Gottlieb RH, Oka M, Rubens DJ. Sonography of the scrotum. Radiology 227: 18- 36, Apr 2003.
  4. McClellan DS, Roscher A. Intrascrotal tumors in the older male. Int Surg. 71 (1): 51-2, Jan-Mar 1986.
  5. Ponce de Leon Roca J, Algaba Arrea F, Bassas Arnau L, Villavicencio Mavrich H. Leydig celle tumor of  the testis. Arch Esp Urol 53 (6): 453-8, Jul-Aug 2000.
  6. Masur Y, Steffens J, Remberger K. Leydig cell tumors of the testis — clinical and morphologic aspects.  Urologe A 35(6): 468-71, Nov 1996.
  7. Kim I, Young RH, Scully RE. Leydig cell tumors of the testis: a clinicopathological analysis of 40 cases  and review of the literature. Am J Surg Pathol 9: 177-192, 1985.
  8. Guthrie JA, Fowler RC. Ultrasound diagnosis of testicular tumors presentino as epididymal disease. Clin  Radiol 46: 397-400, 1992.
  9. Rifkin MD, Kurtz AB, Pasto ME, Goldberg BB. Diagnostic capabilities of high-resolution scrotal  ultrasonography: prospective evaluation. J Ultrasound Med 4: 13-19, 1985.
  10. Csapo Z, Bornhof C, Giedl J. Impalpable testicular tumors diagnosed by scrotal ultrasonography.  Urology 32 (6): 549-52, Dec 1988.
  11. Cuervo Pinna C, Rodriguez Rincon JP, Abengozar Garcia-Moreno A, Cabello Padial J, Murillo Mirat JJ,  Caballero Gomez M. Leydig celle tumor. Arch Esp Urol 51 (5): 480-2, Jun 1998.
  12. Slama A, Elleuch A, Yacoubi MT, Ben Sorba N, Mosbah AT. Bilateral Leydig cell tumor of the test: a  case report. Ann Urol (Paris) 37 (4): 213-6, Aug 2003.
  13. Ulbright TM, Srigley JR, Hatzianastassiou DK, Young RH. Leydig cell tumors of the testis with unusual  features: adipose differentiation, calcification with ossification, and spindle-shaped tumor cells. Am J  Surg Pathol 26 (11): 1424-33, Nov 2002.
  14. Avery GR, Peakman DJ, Young JR. Unusual hyperechoic ultrasound appearance of testicular Leydig cell  tumor. Clin Radiol 43 (4): 260-1, Apr 1991.
  15. Hindley RG, Chandra A, Saunders A, O’Brien TS. Impalpable testis cancer. BJU Int 92 (6):  572-4, Oct 2003.
  16. Horstman WG, Melson GL, Middleton WD, Andriole GL. Testicular tumors: findings with color-  Doppler US. Radiology 185: 733-737, 1992.
  17. Hopps CV, Goldstein M. Ultrasound guided needle localization and microsurgical exploration for  incidental nonpalpable testicular tumors. J Urol 168 (3): 1084-7, Sep 2002.
  18. Zeev V. Maizlin, MD, Alexander Belenky, MD, Myriam Kunichezky, MD, Judith Sandbank, MD and Simon Strauss, MB, ChB. Leydig Cell Tumors of the Testis . Gray Scale and Color Doppler Sonographic appearance. J Ultrasound Med 23: 959-964 • 0278-4297.
  19. Vikram S. Dogra, Ronald H.Gottlieb, Mayumi Oka and Deborah J. Rubens Sonography of the scrotum. Radiology 2003;127:18-36.